1. A Comparative Study of Decision Tree Classification Algorithms

Devendra Kumar Tiwary, Assistasnt Professor, dept. of Computer Application,TERIPG College, Ghazipur

Dr. A. K. Nayak, Professor & Head, Department of Computer Science, IIBM, Patna


Classification is the most popular data mining technique. Classification of data objects based on a predefined knowledge of the objects is a data mining and knowledge management technique used in grouping similar data objects together. It can be defined as supervised learning algorithms as it assigns class labels to data objects based on the relationship between the data items with a predefined class label. Classification algorithms have a wide range of applications like churn prediction, fraud detection, artificial intelligence, and credit card rating etc. Also there are many classification algorithms available in literature but decision trees is the most commonly used because of its ease of implementation and easier to understand compared to other classification algorithms. This paper effectively compares three popular decision tree classifiers; ID3, C4.5 and CART. Issues like best attribute selection for splitting the tree, problems of overfitting, missing value handling have been discussed. Tree splitting criterion such as information gain, gain ratio and gini index for these algorithms are compared.

2. Multi-Agent Paradigm for Disaster Management

Bireshwar Dass Mazumdar, Lecturer, SMS, varanasi
Swati Basak ,Department of Computer Science, BHU Varanasi


In this paper, we analyze the current disaster management and response systems with multi-agent system, taking in consideration of domain requirements, agent-based design methodology. Proposed deterministic formulation for resource distribution through coordination algorithm among various agents is applicable for disaster recovery.

3. Role of Information Technology in Natural Disaster Management in India

Md. Sadruddin Ahmad, Department of Computer Sc. & Engineering, Maulana Azad College of Engg. & Technology, Neoraganj, Neora, Patna

A.K. Singh, Ex-Director, M.C.A. Course, University Deptt. of Mathematics, B.R.A. Bihar University, Muzaffarpur


It is known that Information Technology has many folds in day to day life. Information Technology in the form of Internet, GIS, Remote Sensing, satellite communication, etc. has better management & planning and implementation of hazards reduction measures. This paper introduces the concept of Natural Disaster Management with Information Technology in India. Information Technology plays an important role in modern disaster management mechanisms, helping organizations identify and prevent disaster risks in operating activities. Information Technology is an essential component of modern disaster preparedness procedures. According to the Global Disaster Information Network (GDIN), computer tools help companies automate disaster response plans and prevent on-site accidents and fatalities. This paper considers the role of information technology in forecasting, monitoring and managing disasters in real life. It is known fact that we could not escape completely from these unfortunates but we can prevent effectively by putting ample efforts.

4. Embedded System and Software Engineering for Real time Computing

Ambuj Kumar and Narendra Kumar Sharma, Department of Computer Science, Dev Sanskriti University, Haridwar


Embedded System and Software Engineering are a topic of interest to multidisciplinary fields including engineering and computer science. In order to correctly focus on the correct aspects of embedded system and software design, be it hardware for electrical engineering and software for computer science, seamless connectivity between the hardware and software aspects needs to be provided. One approach to provide students from both fields with practical experience is to develop a transparent bridge between hardware and software layers of the embedded system and software design. This paper provides an overview of this emerging field, clarity how embedded system and software engineering in real time systems are related both to each other. This paper also mentions the process of embedded system and software engineering tasks, specific embedded system techniques, particular real-world applications involved in real-world applications of software engineering.

5. Indian IT Industry – Major Challenges & Opportunities

Kavindra Kumar Singh, Assistant Professor, Department of Information Technology


The Indian IT industry has created international benchmarks for quality, proving to the world and to ourselves that Indian companies can compete globally and win on quality. It has also demonstrated what can be achieved by unleashing the power of middle class, first generation enterpreneurship in India. The industry is fully aware of its responsibilities and the potential for making a difference. But apart from this, there are lot of challenges occured in this sector. This paper is focused to find out the major challenges of Indian IT industry in current scenario.

6. Web Based Business and Human Resources Management

Dr. F.B.Singh, Associate Professor, faculty of Commerce, BHU, Varanasi
Pushpraj Singh, Research Scholar, Faculty of commerce, BHU, Varanasi


The paper focuses on the consequences of web-based business-to-business transactions in medium and large old economy companies in particular and discusses the implications for HRM and HR professionals. Medium and large old economy companies can be involved in transactions within the new economy in different ways. First of all the paper gives an overview of the striking characteristics that distinguish web-based transactions from more traditional transactions. The paper continues with an overview of the different ways in which old economy companies are attempting to integrate elements of web-based organizing into their current business and the implications of it for human resources management. Three different ways of integration are distinguished:-Seeing the Net as an extension of normal market channels for buying and selling.-Using the Net to expand and improve current co-maker ship relationships amongst key suppliers.-Totally re-thinking business models before deciding on e-commerce strategy and practice, which implies desegregation and organizational revolution. Each of these areas will be highlighted and possible implications for human resources management and HR managers considered.Keywords: web-based organizing, business to business transactions, human resource management, human resource managers


Pankaj Kumar,System Administrator, MCA Course, University Department of Mathematics , B. R. Ambedkar Bihar University, Muzaffarpur, Bihar

Dr. A. K. Singh, Ex-Director, MCA Course, University Department of Mathematics, B. R. Ambedkar Bihar University, Muzaffarpur, Bihar


Analysts expect that there will be more than one trillion wireless devices in use and over one billion of them will be connected to the Internet in near future. These next generation Internet-enabled products will likely have two critical attributes that make them extremely susceptible to malicious code. First, they will have been designed from the ground up to be almost always online. Second, many of these devices will support an open operating system, allowing users to add their own software (including viruses and worms) just as easily as on today’s popular PCs.
This viewpoint differs greatly from the traditional anti-virus perspective and if correct, prescribes a new approach to anti-virus protection in the wireless space: We need to shift our focus from protecting the end-point device to protecting the communications infrastructure itself. Such a shift necessitates new technologies and an integrated on-and-off device approach to wireless anti-virus protection.
This paper examines the most likely wireless platform paradigms that will emerge over the next few years and identifies potential attacks to these platforms.

8. Integrating Information and Communication Technology in Higher Education: Advancement of Distance Learning Centers

Chakit Gupta, Research Scholar, Department of Education, Indian Institute of Professional Studies, Lucknow
Aditya Kumar Gupta, Senior Lecturer, Department of Computer Application, SMS Varanasi


Higher education institutions today are organized around departments and schools. These structures are appropriate for curricula that experience minor or infrequent changes. To meet the challenges of the information age, institutions will need to become more entrepreneurial and responsive to external requirements. It will be difficult for traditional institutions to move their entire organizations in a new direction. Institutions that wish to change direction need to organize units that coordinate direct marketing of educational products and services to students, negotiating contracts with other organizations to send and receive programs. These coordinating units will co-exist with traditional structures. As more institutions try to figure out what to do with distance learning and virtual university initiatives, they will inevitably begin to create these new internal entrepreneurial structures. Traditional expectations tend to require professors to be all things to all people. Of course, the reality is that professors do some things well and others not so well. We can expect to see further differentiation in the faculty role, not just between researchers and teachers but also within the teaching role itself. Course design, product development, delivery, assessment, and certification-these are some examples of the many aspects of faculty responsibilities that can be differentiated. Higher education will face competition from private sector providers of educational products and services delivered via the net. Some may be new institutions; others may be traditional players in the education marketplace like publishers or software companies. Still others may be new enterprises that disaggregate and deliver higher education services like assessment and certification. Degrees are important credentials today, but increasingly the degree will be less important. The great demand in postsecondary education is for post-baccalaureate educational experiences. The demand for workplace training and skills development encourages returning to school to gain specific knowledge and skills rather than a degree.

This paper argues for a re-examination of our established ways of trying to understand ICT-based innovation in higher education. It suggests that a project-centered, rather than an environment-cantered, approach to understanding innovative developments has obscured some key elements of what has been happening in higher education practice in recent years. It also makes it harder for us to carry out the complex co-ordinate tasks that are necessary for the productive design and management of learning environments in distance education centers for higher education and to share our experiences and learn from each other in systematic ways.

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