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Indian students contemplate Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC)/12th as the turning purpose of their lives. Post HSC, students are confronted with multiple decisions. Indian faculties and universities provide a big selection of courses. Higher studies after twelfth standards are available in two categories: Bachelors and certificate degree professional courses.  This article helps to shed some light on professional courses, including information about the most popular courses, the estimated cost and studying them and their future scope. Degree and Diploma courses often include Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Commerce and Bachelor of Science. An archaic system like the Indian education system permits students to opt for these studies provided they have passed HSC exams in corresponding subjects. For example, students who take up science subjects for class 12 usually enroll in BSc courses while those with commerce studies go for B.Com and arts for BA. However, there is a flawed, inexplicable, opaque migration pattern. Arts students cannot migrate to science or commerce because they are considered relatively tougher subjects, for reasons best known to concerned authorities. Strangely, science and commerce stream HSC students can migrate to arts for their graduation studies- another fundamental problem in the Indian education system. In any case, BA, B.Com and BSc students face some drawbacks in the domestic job market unless they opt for additional, employment particular qualifications. These can range from the ever-present Master of Business Administration to Chartered Accountancy, Microbiology to Social Science. None of these qualifications guarantee a job; they only cancel out an innate disadvantage over counterparts who study job linked courses. Advantages of doing professional courses after 12th Thanks to reforms in India’s education system, higher study courses that train students directly for precise professions are offered. Career linked courses, wrongly termed ‘Professional Course’ in India, provide one distinctive lead over undergraduate courses. They guarantee basic employment in that particular sector. Employers seek out final year students for work, prior to or directly after completing the course. Common sense over perfidiousness is one of the major advantages of doing a professional course. Unquestionably, a profession linked course is superior to a regular graduation. Some profession centric courses are dishonest. They mislead students into incorrectly imagining flourishing careers. Some of the top profession oriented courses are medicine and engineering. Indian Medical Council estimates that over 200,000 eligible physicians countrywide are languishing without employment. Medical colleges in India roll out some 50,000 doctors yearly. All India Council for Technical Education says in a report that around 60 percent of the one million engineers, who graduate every year, go without a job. Top 10 Professional Courses After 12th 1) Engineering By far, engineering remains one of the most coveted career oriented conventional professional courses in India. All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) states that around one million engineers graduate from government universities, polytechnics and private colleges each year. Along with this, a large number of Indian students opt for engineering studies in the US and Australia. An engineering course in India costs anything between Rs. 300,000 to Rs. 1 million, depending upon the institute and branch you are choosing. 2) Law The demand for law studies in India remains very high. Universities Grant Commission estimates that around 400,000 students graduate with law degrees each year. The five year course called Bachelor of Arts and Legum Baccalaureus (LLB) is offered primarily at government colleges in India. A typical BA, LLB course costs around Rs. 100,000 to Rs. 300,000 depending upon the university. Government Law Colleges across the country affiliated to state-run universities offer the course. 3) Medicine One of the most attractive course after 12th. Over 55,000 students graduate as doctors every year. These include graduates in Allopathy, Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Unani and dentistry streams of medicine. Common courses are Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Science (MBBS), Bachelor of Ayurveda Medicine and Science (BAMS), Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Science (BUMS), Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Science (BHMS), Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS). In some universities, the word ‘science’ is replaced by ‘surgery’. A course in medical studies costs Rs. 300,000 to Rs. 1 million. 4) Architecture An estimated 50,000 students graduate from the five-year Bachelor of Architecture (BArch) course in India every year. However, this figure is ambiguous as several civil engineers also study architecture online or in private colleges off the record. An architecture course costs between Rs. 200,000 to Rs. 500,000 depending upon the institution. 5) Journalism The boom in advertising as well as print, electronic and digital news media, increase in film production has seen a corresponding rise in number of students opting for media and journalism studies as one of the top course after 12th. Typical journalism courses are of three years and cost around Rs. 300,000 for a Bachelor of Communication and Journalism or Bachelor of Mass Communication degree. Top universities in this field include Osmania University in Hyderabad, Pune University and the St. Xavier Institutes in various locations. 6) Chartered Accountant The finest professional course for higher education is Chartered Accountancy. The three to five year course, depending upon the amount of time taken to finish it, allows elasticity to work and study. In fact, it is compulsory to work while studying. CA course and exam is administered by ICAI (Institute of Chartered Accountants of India) and no other college or university is allowed to qualify a person as a CA. The course costs around Rs. 50,000 only, which is the cheapest for all profession associated studies. A projected 100,000 students sign up for the CA exams but only three percent essentially complete this highly intricate and spirited course. 7) Internet, web designing, IT          India ranks as the top destination for foreign companies looking to hire IT experts. Over 100,000 students sign up for a variety of IT or web design courses in India. Nevertheless,this figure is far from correct since a big number of engineering students also take IT related studies as part of their course. Bachelor of Computer Science and Bachelor of Computer Management are some of the top IT-related courses presented by different colleges and universities. An archetypal three-year course has an expenditure of around Rs. 400,000 to Rs. 1 million, depending upon the college or university.  The IITs and the diverse state-run universities are the finest for those who want to do IT studies. 8) Pharmacy About 25,000 students graduate as pharmacist from a range of universities in India each year. Pharmacy studies are gaining impetus owing to opening of numerous latest and private healthcare facilities across the country. India’s Food and Drug Administration has also made it compulsory for all big medical companies, distributors and retailers to employ trained pharmacists, as part of the licensing policy. The pharmacy course called BPharm is stretched over three years and costs about Rs. 100,000 to Rs. 200,000 each. Every major state-run universities offer BPharm courses. 9) Nursing India needs tens of thousands of nurses, paramedics and care-givers yearly due to the rapidly increasing healthcare development. A BSc in Nursing is an exceptional course to study if the student possesses good judgment in caring for humans of all ages and a stomach to see blood and gore typical to accidents and surgery wards. Approximately 20,000 male and female nurses graduate each year from various medical and nursing colleges in India. A BSc Nursing degree costs between Rs. 100,000 and Rs. 300,000. 10) Commercial Pilot An enormous demand for qualified commercial pilots is there in India as the country’s aviation sector sees a huge explosion. Flying is also a very rewarding profession after class 12 . It offers commercial pilots an occasion to see the world. Sadly, training institutes for pilots in India are not many. Most hopeful commercial pilots are required to study abroad or join the Indian Armed Forces for training. A flying course often costs a huge Rs.2.5 million and upwards. India requires about 8,000 commercial pilots yearly to keep airlines operational. Local flying schools account for less than 1,000 trained pilots. A big number of pilots for India’s civil aviation are provided by the Indian Air Force. The solitary major flying school in India is the Government Aviation Training Institute. Think out of the box Sorrowfully in India, many students are weighed down by the ‘Me Too’ syndrome. They join a herd rather than study something out of the ordinary. Below are some outstanding courses that present great careers but are comparatively unfamiliar- Agriculture ( including horticulture and floriculture) Forensic sciences. Geology Marine biology Pyrotechnics Logistics and warehousing Food technology Nutrition Industrial safety and security Micro Biology  conclusion,        Numerous key factors are measured by students while enrolling for career oriented professional courses after 12th. In India, the exclusive decisive factor is the tag or label a student or gets after graduation. Young people are more prone to study medicine, engineering or IT in spite of the innate shortcomings of the profession. They opt for courses that present them a tag or label which in turn decides their social status. Indians go for degrees based on societal and matrimonial considerations rather than curiosity and prosperity and parents often do not allow kids to deviate from their personal old-fashioned beliefs.

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