Meenakshi S. Khurana, Sangita Banga & Sanjana Malhotra

The role of technical education is crucial in a nation’s development as it is the major producer of human capital. It may be emphasized that education is not so much as what is learnt by students in the classrooms, but as how they learn it. The environment where the potential of this human capital is to be tested and harnessed is changing constantly with time. Therefore, the education process of the technical institutes has to be directed such that the students are able to give their best, both in terms of intellectual and skillful efforts.
This paper attempts to analyze the structure of the centers of higher technical education and suggests strategies to improve their performance. It also highlights the importance of participative learning exercise, which stresses on the equal and interactive participation of students in the teaching process, in conjunction with well-trained faculty, technical manpower and infrastructure. Realizing that the present education system is highly conceptual greater emphasis needs to be laid on laboratory classes, so as to give true understanding of tools, techniques and concepts covered in the curriculum. It is recommended that the Institutes need to build up interface with industries and research laboratories, for a win-win situation. Such a joint venture between the collaborating Industry and the Institute offers the industries an increased scope of finding solutions to the problems of their interest, with the help of specialists/experts available at the Institute. The institute on the other hand gains in terms of providing its faculty and students exposure to the real life engineering problems. It is envisaged that such interactions would help in reducing the big conceptual gap between theories taught in the institutions and the practice adopted in industry. The paper also discusses the necessary, technological advances, which need to be implemented /added to the traditional system, so as to cater to the demands of the future generations. It is hoped that the recommendations made in this paper would also motivate and help the faculty in adopting new teaching methodology to remove obsolescence, leading to quality education in these Institutes.

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Dr. (Mrs) M. R. Noronha

The state level Value Added Tax ( VAT ) came into effect from April1, 2005 ,in place of the sales tax structure prevalent in various states. The main purpose of VAT was to bring harmonization in the tax structure of various states and rationalize the overall tax burden.

By now, the industry has accepted that VAT is here to stay, though teething problems still plague the shift. Managing inventory, computing the right amount of tax and VAT’s paraphernalia of TINs, PINs, registration numbers and median rates have proved to be a learning process. Apprehensions against VAT have lessened due to demonstration of benefit of the new tax system in states. Introduction of uniform VAT rates in all states would not only benefit trade and industry but also be a substantial revenue earner for the government.

This paper attempts to distinguish VAT and sales tax, discusses implementation woes faced by states due to VAT, revenues generated by VAT in different states and suggestions to make VAT acceptable to all
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3.Streaming video using dynamic rate limiting and TCP congestion control

We present a new Proposed Algorithm for streaming real time video on today’s Internet, based on dynamic rate limiting and TCP congestion control.
Dynamic rate limiting is a technique that adapts the rate of compressed video (MPEG-1, MPEG-2, H.26x) to dynamically varying bandwidth constraints. This provides an interface (or filter) between the source and the network, with which the encoder’s output (Either live or stored) can be perfectly matched to the network’s available bandwidth.
Keyword: Quality of service, congestion control, report only congestion losses, streaming

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4.Malls : Redifining the consumption landscape in the city of Lucknow
Lata Murjani,Aarti Mehta Sharma

The most striking change in the last decade has been the rise of discretionary shoppers. Armed with a new capitalist economy that has created jobs, Indian consumers have awakened a sleeping retail giant. Glitzy shopping malls choc a bloc with the biggest brands dot the urban landscape. Seduced by conducive entry regulations and India’s economic takeoff, global retail players are bringing the biggest brands to the discerning shopper. Food courts are teeming with people enjoying branded burgers, pizzas etc. A 40 % growth has been recorded by the Indian fast food industry. Newspapers are inundated with reports of existing food outlets doubling or tripling their outlets by 2007. On the flip side, Indians have never been fatter. Reports suggest that if we are not careful we could be soon fighting a fat epidemic. India ranks among the top 10 obese nations in the world and 120 million Indians are obese. With new shopping malls becoming operational in several cities in India this study aims to observe the shopping behaviour of consumers in B grade cities, like Lucknow, find out if their brand awareness has escalated and check the hypothesis that shopping malls lead to enhanced consumption of junk food and hence obesity.
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Ms. Neha Purushottam

Retail boom has attracted much attention in recent years because of changing nature and practices of business. Set in the context of review and critique this paper aims at examining the present retail scenario, growth drivers which are responsible for fueling this tremendous growth. It provides an insight into organized retail market by discussing each category. The paper attempts to evaluate positive and negative side of retail boom in light of present context. It also tries to provide directions and exploratory base for future research on linkages between growth drivers and Retail boom.
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6.Wireless Ad-hoc Networks
Madhu Khurana

An ad hoc network is a collection of wireless mobile hosts forming a temporary network without the aid of any established infrastructure or centralized administration. In such an environment, it may be necessary for one mobile host to enlist the aid of other hosts in forwarding a packet to its destination, due to the limited range of each mobile host’s wireless transmissions. This is a study paper which discusses what constitutes a wireless ad-hoc network, what are its properties and characteristics. It tries to explore about the various types of routing protocols, their properties and finally it discusses a routing protocol called Dynamic Source Routing Protocol for wireless ad-hoc networks.
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7.Corporate Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility
The paradigm of management evolution
Dr. Munira Habibullah, Dr Manisha Panwala

The paper attempts to trace the development of corporate governance as an extension of management thought. This is studied from a historical perspective to see how the different corporate governance system has emerged in the context of historical background, technology and political as well as economic structure. The corporate social responsibility as included in corporate governance has emerged as the societal need. As corporate play a pivotal role in influencing the shape of society. The broader perspective of sustainable development integrating the corporate governance, corporate social responsibility and social environment is emerging as an international level. The major difference in the Anglo-American, European system of corporate governance, Japanese and German system are to be understood in this context. The paper first explains the evolution of management thought and then studies the emergence of corporate governance in different places and relates it to as an extension of management thought and then corporate social responsibility as an manifestation of the integration process.
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8.Strategizing Indian Automobile Industry for Gaining a Sustainable Competitive Advantage for Firms Operating In Global Marketplace
Dr. Amit Gautam

Automotive industry is one of the core industries of Indian economy, whose prospect is reflective of the economic resilience of the country. With 4 percent contribution to the GDP and nearly 5 percent of the total industrial output in 2005-06, the automotive industry has become a significant contributor to the exchequer. Continuous economic liberalization over the years by government of India has resulted in making India as one of the prime business destinations for many global automotive players. In this paper an attempt has been made to identify the strategies for foreign as well as domestic companies for sustained competitive advantage in the global market place including an in depth analysis of current state of Indian Automotive industry.
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Dr. Anjali Ganesh,

Banks, being the major service sector organisations, have varied HRD-practices among them. One of the greatest challenges faced by the commercial banks is in the area of identification of training needs at the individual, job and organisational levels. As there are people working at different levels, performing a variety of functions, the nature of training needs also varies across commercial banks. Training programmes, training methods and training course contents are to be planned on the basis of analysis of training needs. Identifying training needs will facilitate the employees to perform the job in an organization with required attitude, skill, knowledge and aptitude. Analyzing the training needs and providing training as per needs will certainly bring down the gap between the requirements of the organization and employee readiness.
For the purpose of this case study research, the policies and practices of Training Needs Analysis (TNA) were examined in two leading commercial banks, namely, Corporation Bank and Karnataka Bank Ltd.and employees’ opinion regarding the authenticity of TNA practices were also collected. The study also proposes certain corrective measures to overcome the drawbacks.
Employees in general are not at all happy with the TNA practices of their respective banks. The banks seem to play a number game in deputing the employees for training programmes identified by them. Effective communication between the top management, operating functionaries and the training system is the prerogative to streamline the process of identification of training needs.

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10.Value Added Tax – A Revolution in Indirect Tax System

Indirect tax system plays an important role in economic development of a country by including the role of production and consumption. Value Added Tax (VAT) is a general consumption tax assessed on the value added to goods and services. It is a general tax that applies, in principle, to all commercial activities involving the production and distribution of goods and services. It is a consumption tax because it is borne ultimately by the final consumer. It is not a charge on companies it is charged as percentage of price, which means that the actual burden is visible at each stage in the production and distribution chain. VAT is unanimously acknowledged to be a major reform in the indirect taxation system because it eliminates the cascading effect of taxes, promotes competitiveness of exports, has simple and transparent structure and improves compliance. .
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11. India’s Emerging Status in the Global Knowledge Process Outsourcing Industry
Dr. Mohd Afaq Khan

The challenge of deploying the knowledge assets of an organization to create competitive advantage becomes more crucial as the marketplace is increasingly becoming competitive and the rate of innovation is rising, so that knowledge evolved has to be assimilated at an ever-faster rate. Moreover, there are trends for employees to retire earlier and for increasing mobility, leading to loss of knowledge. Moreover, competitive pressures are reducing the size of the workforce, which holds this knowledge.
In order to build competitiveness, it is necessary that companies cut costs and outsource those staff functions, which are peripheral, non-core activities and which add no value, to specialist, outside firms, who can do the same job at a fraction of what it cost the companies to run an in-house department. This would free them up to concentrate on matters more crucial to their businesses, like manufacturing or product management, or marketing, and concentrate on knowledge management in only the core processes. Some of the KPO services that can be outsourced include, research & development, business and technical analysis, learning solutions, animation & design, business & market research, pharmaceuticals and biotechnology, medical services, writing & content development, legal services, intellectual property research, design and developments for automotive and aerospace industries, data analytics, network management, training & consultancy.
A Confederation of Indian Industry study states that KPO would grow at 46 per cent to become $17 billion sector by 2010. A report by Evalueserve predicts that India will capture more than 70 percent of the KPO sector by 2010. India has been ranked the most preferred KPO destination owing to the large talent pool, quality IT training, government policies, and low labor costs. Although countries such as Russia, China, the Czech Republic, Ireland, and Israel are also expected to join the competition, but India is well equipped to meet this emerging sector’s challenges and in near future it is emerging to become the global KPO hub.
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