THIS ARTICLE WAS UPDATED ON 21/MAY/2020
Master of Computer Applications or MCA is a two-year professional degree course in computer science pursued after graduation. MCA was introduced to meet the growing demand for qualified professionals in the field of Information Technology. The MCA program focuses on application development and various aspects like computational theory, programming, algorithm design, network and database management, mobile technologies, electronics, mathematics, probability, statistics, accounting, and finance. The course provides an understanding of computer fundamentals to the students to compete in the competitive global world.
A student can choose to specialize in Systems Management, Systems Development, Systems Engineering, Application Software, Internet, Management Information Systems, Software Development, Troubleshooting, Hardware Technology, or Networking.
It is designed for students interested in computer application development with the latest technologies and programming skills.
Opting for an MCA degree program is the best option for those who want to learn some advanced skills to improve their technical base and work with the latest technologies. Many colleges and universities offer MCA programs to students after completing the BCA program in today’s era. Because everything is digital in today’s world, the demand for professionals in Information Technology is increasing day by day.
While pursuing the MCA degree program, you will gain advanced knowledge about some subjects such as Software Development, Computer Networks, Application Systems Designing, System Administration, Web Designing and Development, Data Mining Database Administration, and Warehousing, etc.
The MCA is a professional degree program, and the knowledge of this degree is not less than that of a computer engineer. The course is a combination of theoretical knowledge as well as practical application. MCA is a two years duration master degree program. Which is divided into four semesters. After opting for this course, students can develop computer applications using the latest technologies, and even managing and overseeing projects accordingly in the IT sector.
Before opting for the MCA degree program, it is necessary to check if you meet the specific eligibility criteria to do the course. Let’s discuss the eligibility to pursue an MCA degree course:
First, you need to acquire a bachelor’s degree in computer applications, i.e., BCA or equivalent degree.
Most MCA institutes will also accept graduates from other branches like commerce, science, arts, and computer science. For that, You must have more than 50% score in your bachelor’s degree and for the 12th, you should have achieved 55% marks.
After completing a Master of Computer Applications program from a well-known university, you can quickly get a chance to work in some multinational companies. For example:
MCA graduates are also hired by Indian companies like:
Many government agencies also hire MCA graduates such as:
With the never-ending need of qualified professionals in the IT sector, an MCA graduate will never fall short of opportunities. The various job profiles for an MCA student in the IT industry are listed below.
A software programmer is responsible for designing, installing, testing, and maintaining software systems. A software programmer has to review current procedures, present ideas for system improvements, work with analysts, product specifications, and write the program codes. They have to test the product, prepare training manuals for users, and maintain the systems. They create programs to help a business become more efficient and provide a better service. They have to write and code individual programs to offer software resources.
A troubleshooter is a person who is required to fix problems regarding the computer system. He locates the problems in the machine, repairs and fixes the problems, and makes it operational again. Being a troubleshooter is a very difficult job to do as t requires a logical and systematic search to locate the trouble in machinery and then fixing it
A software engineer has to apply techniques of computer science, engineering, and mathematical analysis to design, develop, test, and evaluate the software and the system. They design and develop many software types like operating systems and network distribution and software for compilers. Software engineers instruct a computer to perform the desired function. They possess strong programming skills and develop algorithms and analyze and solve programming problems. They have to work in applications or systems development, analyze the user’s needs, and then design, construct, test, and maintain computer applications software or systems.
A software developer is a creative mind behind software programs. They are responsible for creating software to perform tasks on various devices. A software developer is responsible for the entire development, testing, and maintenance process of software programs. They are sought after to maintain a competitive edge. They should have a clear understanding of industries’ best practices and knowledge of software trends. A software developer has to work in sectors like software publishers, gaming companies, and government organizations. Some also become independent software developers.
Technical writers are the technical communicators who prepare instruction manuals, journal articles, and other documents to communicate complex and technical information more easily. They have to develop, gather, and disseminate technical information among customers, designers, and manufacturers. Technical writers determine the needs of end-users and study product samples and converse with product developers. They work with the technical staff to organize and write supporting documents to make products more comfortable. They also gather feedback from customers, designers, and manufacturers.
A systems analyst is responsible for an organization’s current computer systems and procedures to help the organization operate more efficiently. Their work includes consulting with the manager to determine the IT system’s role and research upcoming technologies to determine its efficiency. They prepare an analysis of costs and benefits to check how worthwhile the information systems and computing infrastructure upgrades are. They have to devise plans to add improved functionality to existing computer systems and look over the installation and configuration of new techniques to customize accordingly. They, in short, bring business and IT together.
A software application architect is responsible for designing and developing software systems and applications. They create software designed for clients’ specific needs. They are the high-level decision-makers in the process of determining everything from design to technical standards. They work to evaluate and identify software solutions and start by working with the client to discuss their needs for custom software and fix corrupted software. They view similar products and revolutionize them. They also conduct research, gather information, interpret data, and then create solutions.
A web designer is responsible for designing web pages. It takes more than what is visible in developing a web page. Looking at the aesthetic aspect, it is essential to select appropriate colors, font, layout, and images to create the website’s whole look. The usability of the website has to be kept a priority. The created web page should be relatable to the target market. They are the controller of the entire website. They have to make appropriate images while keeping in mind that the website is easy to use, and the information is easily accessible.
A software consultant is a contractor for a specified period and a specific project. They are employed on a contractual basis. They have to give guidance and work on managing, designing, and architecturally develop high-level projects. They use 90% of the time as a developer and are employed on a contractual basis.
A hardware engineer has to design, test, and update a computers’ hardware. They recommend and keep an eye on the production and assembly of prototypes. They also modify hardware components for computers, evaluate computer systems, and improve models using complex problem-solving skills. To work at an advanced position as a hardware engineer, you require an MCA degree.
Gaining knowledge about the IT industry can never fail you. If you wish to set your own feet in the IT sector as an entrepreneur, you can do that so effortlessly with the skills you have acquired while doing your MCA. After completing an MCA, you can start your venture after getting some experience in the field of IT. You can establish a Computer Education Firm or an IT Solutions Company.
With the ever-evolving IT sector, there is no shortage of opportunities for an MCA graduate. Since MCA is a professional degree program, and many students who graduate start working in the professional world to build their network, you will make a great network of people working in different big companies at an expert level, which trains you very quickly. These people can open many doors for you to get better opportunities regarding jobs and more networking areas one by one precisely. And you can do the same for them after gaining some amount of knowledge. Networking always leads to better opportunities to make a better world.